## FRANK Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 19 - Quadrilaterals

## Chapter 19 - Quadrilaterals Exercise Ex. 19.1

Question 1

In
the following figures, find the remaining angles of the parallelogram

Solution 1

Question 2

In
the following figures, find the remaining angles of the parallelogram

Solution 2

Question 3

In
the following figures, find the remaining angles of the parallelogram

Solution 3

Question 4

In
the following figures, find the remaining angles of the parallelogram

Solution 4

Question 5

In
the following figures, find the remaining angles of the parallelogram

Solution 5

Question 6

Solution 6

Question 7

The
consecutive angles of a parallelogram are in the ratio 3:6. Calculate the
measures of all the angles of the parallelogram.

Solution 7

Question 8

Solution 8

Question 9

In
the given figure, ABCD is a parallelogram, find the values of x and y.

Solution 9

Question 10

Solution 10

Question 11

Solution 11

Question 12

Solution 12

Question 13

Solution 13

Question 14

Solution 14

Question 15

Solution 15

Question 16

Solution 16

Question 17

In
the given figure, MP is the bisector of ∠P
and RN is the bisector of ∠R of parallelogram PQRS. Prove that
PMRN is a parallelogram.

Solution 17

Construction: Join PR.

Question 18

Solution 18

Question 19

Solution 19

## Chapter 19 - Quadrilaterals Exercise Ex. 19.2

Question 1

Solution 1

Question 2

Solution 2

Question 3

Solution 3

Question 4

Solution 4

Question 5

Solution 5

Question 6

Solution 6

Question 7

Solution 7

Question 8

Solution 8

Question 9

Solution 9

Question 10

Solution 10

Question 11

Solution 11

Question 12

In
a parallelogram PQRS, M and N are the midpoints of the opposite sides PQ and
RS respectively. Prove that

RN
and RM trisect QS.

Solution 12

Question 13

In
a parallelogram PQRS, M and N are the midpoints of the opposite sides PQ and
RS respectively. Prove that

PMRN
is a parallelogram.

Solution 13

Question 14

In
a parallelogram PQRS, M and N are the midpoints of the opposite sides PQ and
RS respectively. Prove that

MN
bisects QS.

Solution 14

Question 15

Solution 15

Question 16

Solution 16

Question 17

In
the given figure, PQRS is a parallelogram in which PA = AB = Prove that:

SA
‖
QB and SA = QB.

Solution 17

Construction:

Join BS and AQ.

Join diagonal QS.

Question 18

In
the given figure, PQRS is a parallelogram in which PA = AB = Prove that:

SAQB
is a parallelogram.

Solution 18

Construction:

Join BS and AQ.

Join diagonal QS.

Question 19

In
the given figure, PQRS is a trapezium in which PQ ‖ SR
and PS = QR. Prove that:

∠PSR = ∠QRS
and ∠SPQ
= ∠RQP

Solution 19

Construction:

Draw SM ⊥ PQ and RN ⊥
PQ

Question 20

In
a parallelogram ABCD, E is the midpoint of AB and DE bisects angle D. Prove
that:

- BC = BE.
- CE is the bisector of angle C and angle DEC is a right angle

Solution 20

Question 21

Prove
that if the diagonals of a quadrilateral bisect each other at right angles
then it is a rhombus.

Solution 21

Let ABCD be a
quadrilateral, whose diagonals AC and BD bisect each other at right angle.

i.e. OA = OC, OB = OD

And, ∠AOB
= ∠BOC
= ∠COD
= ∠AOD
= 90°

To prove ABCD a rhombus,
we need to prove ABCD is a parallelogram and all sides of ABCD are equal.

Now, in ΔAOD
and DCOD

OA = OC (Diagonal bisects each
other)

∠AOD
= ∠COD (Each 90°)

OD = OD (common)

∴ΔAOD
≅ΔCOD
(By SAS congruence rule)

∴
AD = CD ….(i)

Similarly, we can prove
that

AD = AB and CD = BC ….(ii)

From equations (i) and (ii), we can say that

AB = BC = CD = AD

Since opposite sides of
quadrilateral ABCD are equal, so, we can say that ABCD is a parallelogram.

Since all sides of a
parallelogram ABCD are equal, so, we can say that ABCD is a rhombus.

Question 22

Prove
that the diagonals of a kite intersect each other at right angles.

Solution 22

Consider ABCD is a kite.

Then, AB = AD and BC = DC

Question 23

Prove
that the diagonals of a square are equal and perpendicular to each other.

Solution 23

## 0 comments:

## Post a Comment