Sunday, March 22, 2020

FRANK Solutions for Class 9 Physics Chapter 7 - Sound - Range of Hearing

FRANK Solutions for Class 9 Physics Chapter 7 - Sound - Range of Hearing

Chapter 7 - Sound - Range of Hearing Exercise 284

Question 1
What do you mean by the frequency of sound?
Solution 1
The frequency of sound is defined as the number of vibrations produced by the sound producing object per second.
Question 2
What is echocardiography?
Solution 2
Echocardiography is used to obtain the image of the heart by the used of ultrasonic waves.

Question 3
What does SONAR stand for? Where do we make use of SONAR?
Solution 3
SONAR stands for Sound Navigation and Ranging. Sonar helps the oceanographers and ship captains to determine the depth of the ocean.
Question 4
How are bats able to avoid obstacles in their way?
Solution 4
Bats emit the high frequencies that range between 20 KHz to 75 KHz. The echoes from these sounds help in locating the obstacles in their path and to avoid them.

Question 5
What type of sound is produced by elephants and whales?
Solution 5
The elephants and whales produce the sound of frequency less than 20Hz. (means infrasonic sounds)
Question 6
Do all animals have same ranges of audible frequencies?
Solution 6
No, all animals does not have same range of audible frequencies.

Question 7
What do you mean by an echo?
Solution 7
When the sound strike any object and reflect back, the hearing of reflected sound is called echo.
Question 8
What is echolocation? How do animals make use of this phenomenon?
Solution 8
Echolocation is defined as sending out sounds to judge the location, size and motion of objects from the returning echoes. The animals use this phenomenon to locate the obstacles in their path and avoid them so it helps them in navigation and to locate their prey.

Question 9
State three important uses of echolocation.
Solution 9
Three Important uses of echolocation:::
(i) It helps animals to communicate with each other. e.g dolphins use the echolocation to communicate with other dolphins.
(ii) It helps in navigation and to locate their prey.
(iii) It is used by them to hunt for the meal.
Question 10
What are hearing aids?
Solution 10
A hearing aid is the device which increases the loudness and intensity of the incoming sound.

Question 11
State the main components of a hearing aid.
Solution 11
The main components of hearing aid are microphone , amplifier and  earphone.
Question 12
What is the SI unit of frequency?
Solution 12
S.I unit of frequency is hertz.

Question 13
Describe a simple method to find the depth of a submerged ship.
Solution 13
A ship sends ultrasonic waves downward in the ocean. When the sound waves reaches the ocean floor , they are reflected back to the ship . The time it takes for the signal to return is used to calculate the depth of submerged ship in the ocean.
Question 14
State the properties of ultrasound that make it useful.
Solution 14
High Power , High Energy and good directionality are the properties of ultrasonic sounds which makes them useful.

Question 15
Name the sounds of the frequencies given below:
(i) 10 Hz
(ii) 200 Hz
(iii) 2000 Hz
(iv) 45 kHz
Solution 15
(i) 10 Hz - Infrasonic sound.
(ii) 200Hz - audible sound.
(iii) 2000 Hz - Audible sound.
(iv) 45 KHz - Ultrasonic sound
Question 16
Define one hertz.
Solution 16
One hertz is defined as one vibration produced in one second by sound producing object.

Question 17
What is the audible range of frequency?
Solution 17
The audible range of frequency is 20Hz to 20KHz.
Question 18
Can we hear sounds of frequencies?
(i) Less than 20 Hz?
(ii) More than 20 KHZ?
Solution 18
(i) Less than 20Hz - we cannot hear sound.
(ii) More than 20KHz - we cannot hear sound.

Question 19
Does audible range of frequency vary from person and also with the age of the person?
Solution 19
No, the audible range of frequency does not vary from person to person and also with age of person.
Question 20
What are infrasonic and ultrasonic sounds?
Solution 20
Sound having frequency less than 20Hz is called infrasonic sound.  Sound having frequency greater than 20KHz is called ultrasonic sound.

Question 21
Is the energy carried by the ultrasound very high or very low?
Solution 21
The energy carried by ultrasonic sound is very high.
Question 22
State two applications of ultrasound.
Solution 22
Applications of Ultrasonic sound
(i) Ultrasonic sound is used to detect the flaws in metal castings of automobile tyres.
(ii) It is used in hospitals to detect defects in certain parts of body.


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